The European Commission has committed to more than halving greenhouse gas emissions from the EU by 2030 and producing net-zero emissions by 2050. The European Green Deal codifies this objective, and all economic sectors are participating in its realisation. More than 70 countries have set net-zero targets, including the biggest polluters, China and US.

CARMOF, MEMBER and MOF4AIR are three European-funded projects geared to demonstrate innovative CO2 capture technologies in real industrial conditions. Promising new material solutions are under development for the next generation of Carbon Capture Utilisation and Storage (CCUS) technologies that are expected to reach the markets in the next few years.

Power supply and carbon-intensive industries account for a large share of CO2 emissions. CCUS is one of the only technology solutions that can significantly reduce emissions from key industrial processes (all of which will remain vital building blocks of modern society) as well as from coal and gas power generation, for which, however, a range of other solutions can be considered.

CCUS consists of the separation of CO2 from industrial and energy related sources, and either its transportation to a geological storage location for final long-term isolation from the atmosphere (CCS) or its transformation to other molecules, which can be valorised (CCU). The International Energy Agency (IEA) states that CCUS is an essential technology to reduce CO2 emissions and achieve net-zero emissions by 2050.

Below we list recommendations that are deemed essential for the development of CCUS solutions in Europe, to ensure CCUS can play its role in the reduction of CO2 emissions by carbon intensive industries ->

1: Include provisions for key technological advancements in the future roadmap for CO2 capture technology.

2: Provide investment incentives to increase the manufacturing readiness levels of the CCUS industry.

3: Provide financial support for the formation of industrial CCUS clusters. 4: Support CCUS through regulatory and strategic policy.

5: Boost the social acceptance of CCUS technologies.

Emissions of greenhouse gases are falling in Europe, but not in the transport sector. Energy industries in the EU, have seen the biggest fall in greenhouse gas emissions of 46%. This equates to a cut of 657 million tonnes of CO2 over the period between 1990 and 2020.

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